Epithelium : Types & functions

  1. Simple Squamous Epithelium:
    • Location: Found in the air sacs of lungs and the lining of heart, blood vessels, and lymphatic vessels.
    • Function: Allows for the passage of materials by diffusion and filtration, and secretes lubricating substances.
  2. Simple Cuboidal Epithelium:
    • Location: Present in ducts and secretory portions of small glands, and in the kidney.
    • Function: Involved in secretion and absorption, and secretes mucous and enzymes.
  3. Simple Columnar Epithelium:
    • Location: Found in the lining of the digestive tract and the bladder.
    • Function: Secretes and absorbs, also secretes mucous and enzymes.
  4. Ciliated Pseudostratified Columnar Epithelium:
    • Location: Lines the trachea and much of the upper respiratory tract.
    • Function: Secretes mucus; ciliated tissue moves mucus.
  5. Stratified Squamous Epithelium:
    • Location: Lines the esophagus, mouth, and vagina.
    • Function: Provides protection against abrasion.
  6. Stratified Cuboidal Epithelium:
    • Location: Found in sweat glands, salivary glands, and mammary glands.
    • Function: Serves as protective tissue.
  7. Stratified Columnar Epithelium:
    • Location: Present in the male urethra and the ducts of some glands.
    • Function: Involved in secretion and protection.
  8. Transitional Epithelium:
    • Location: Lines the bladder, urethra, and ureters.
    • Function: Allows the urinary organs to expand and stretch.
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